Medieval urban cavalry societies the Lilienvente

History and Historical European Martial Arts in the Codex Martialis

Medieval urban cavalry societies the Lilienvente

Postby Galloglaich » Thu Sep 22, 2016 3:35 pm

Nice insights into the beating heart of warlike cities here. Wikipedia calls it the "first standing army on German soil" - which I am sure is an exaggeration, the Romans, Charlemagne, etc. would argue, but maybe it's one of the first documented standing armies after 1,000 AD on German soil. Anyway pretty interesting.

https://translate.google.com/translate? ... rev=search

Brunswick / Braunschweig got in trouble with the Hanseatic League and were put under some kind of ban or exile for 5 years. During this time they began to suffer from attacks from the regional gentry, rowdy peasants, and robber knights as well as civil wars internally, so they formed this cavalry association with the intention of making the citizenry more 'warlike and valiant' - apparently with success as they ended up winning the Luneburg war of succession.

Warlike merchant (and apparently, also artisan) constafler type chivalric cavalry society, the Brunswick "Lilienvente", with it's fascinating origin story including a photo of their charter, and a painting from 1492 showing two of the Lilienvente 'knights'

Image

Lilienvente charter 1384

Image

Crests of 8 city councilors from the Lilienvente who were killed in battle 1514

Image

Illustration from a book in 1492 showing two Lilienvente 'knights' displaying the Brunswick Lion on their shields.

The Brunswick Landswehr (with photos) (a wall they built around their territory around the same time, due to robber knights)

https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&u=https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braunschweiger_Landwehr&prev=search


Some more links if you want to follow it down the Wikipedia rabbit hole:

'Circle Company' of Lubeck
https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&u=https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zirkelgesellschaft&prev=search

Urban precincts or 'quarters'

https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&u=https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weichbild&prev=search

History of the 'Old Town' Brunswick

https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&u=https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altstadt_(Braunschweig)&prev=search

Herman von Vechelde, Burgomeister of Brunwick and military leader of the Lilienvente

https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&prev=search&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=de&u=https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herman_von_Vechelde_(1350%25E2%2580%25931420)&usg=ALkJrhhpSMY4CSITiVemjyXkKjfQKlWRqw
Last edited by Galloglaich on Thu Sep 22, 2016 6:43 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Galloglaich
 
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Re: Medieval urban cavalry societies the Lilienvente

Postby Galloglaich » Thu Sep 22, 2016 3:40 pm

Wikipedia also mentions them 'shooting the popinjay'

After the „Schützennachrichten“ the City of Brunswick from the 18th century [28] which should Lilienvente (which at June 24, 1441 St. John's ) first popinjay with in Braunschweig crossbows have held on the Neustadt Masch. Pentecost 1446 followed the first civil shooting at discs "with tubes and tins". [29] After the submission of the city of Braunschweig by the Guelph -Herzöge in summer 1671, however, the Lilienvente is only a shooting club have been. When or whether it has been dissolved, is unknown.
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Posts: 1987
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