Sword Right

History and Historical European Martial Arts in the Codex Martialis

Sword Right

Postby Galloglaich » Thu May 04, 2017 9:06 pm

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[quote] A special type of law was also the miraculous right. This right guaranteed the city, within a radius of one or two miles, to free-loose wood, quarry stone, and the like. (In the Middle Ages, it had a 8350-meter-long mound). In the negative sense, this right prohibited foreign craftsmen from settling down the outskirts of the city and carrying out handicrafts or trading. There were no markets or markets. The aim was to restrict competition and strengthen the status of the city with mileage. It was applied in the Minsk towns (Gelnica and other East Slavic mining towns in the Gelnica legal district, as well as in the Minsk Mining Towns), among other places especially in Zilina, where the remains of Tesine's law were.
Cities and villages with inherited richtar could only choose the city council, some cities later forced the richtar's choice by buying inheritance. Other cities also had the right of the sword and the important border towns to have the right of the warehouse.

The law of the sword (from Latvian ius gladii) implied the right of the city to prosecute serious crimes by punishment of death. The earliest Hungarian laws allowed even bloodthirsty vengeance, which also allowed individuals the right to make an absolute punishment. The Church has already been affected by the laws of the Church. Štefan allowed adulterers to buy off. Since the 13th century, the law of the sword has been exercised on the basis of a special royal privilege. In the 13th to 15th centuries, the right of the sword was acquired not only by the most important feudal lords, but also by the royal cities. The cities of the country were subject to the jurisdiction of the feudal lord. The middle and lower nobility applied the right of the sword through the court judiciary (sedrie) under the leadership of the footman and the four servants. Until the 18th century, when exercising the right of swords, there were great differences in terms of criminalization and punishment. Investigations used torture - torture. The judges began gradually to take account of mitigating circumstances. Under the reign of Maria Theresa and Joseph II. Under the influence of the enlightenment ideas in the investigation, torture was stopped, capital punishments were granted only for the most serious crimes and performed more humane. The sword's right as a remnant of the feudal justice was abolished in 1848 and replaced by the state's death sentence.
The right of the warehouse gave the town the privilege that the merchants passing through the city had to offer their goods in the city within the prescribed time limit, and only if they did not sell it could continue their journey further. It evolved from thirty (customs) collected at the borders of the country.
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